“The Gray Line”, the mountain gives back.

The 1940 Gray Line tour car line up.

 As early as 1915 there was a market for tourist travel to the summit of Pikes Peak. While many folks chose to take the Cog Rail line to the top, others wanted a more personalized and private trip to the summit by automobile.

White bus, Pierce-Arrow, Cadillac and specialty designed 1955 Chevrolet tour cars were used on Pikes Peak

The Broadmoor Hotel ran the largest stable of tour cars and ran the program through the Gray Line travel company. Earliest cars that were used began with the White Model 15-25 bus and the Pierce-Arrow cars.  Tradition dictated the drivers to stop at the halfway point for pictures at Glen Cove and for an additional charge, photographs could also be taken a summit house.

Starting in the late 1930’s the Broadmoor Hotel ordered specialty built Cadillac tour cars with a removable canvas roof.   These twelve passenger cars became a favorite with the folks wanted to take in all of the sites along the route. Additional orders continued in the 1940’s and 1950’s, the later cars no longer had the removable top but came with sunroofs featured across the top of the cars to allow for the wonderful views , while keeping the somewhat brisk temperatures at bay.

The program of producing these special cars became such a success that the Cadillac named them the “Broadmoor Skyview” .

By 1955 the cars were all painted a bright red and no longer carried the Gray Line tour company logos . They were used by the hotel for VIP guests. These 1955, 1956 and the last edition of the SkyView Cadillac in 1959 have become very collectible and a few have survived.

The Flxible Bus.

In 1954 a contact to build short wheel base tour buses was given to the Flxible Company of Londonville Ohio, for five buses . Four would go to the Pikes Peak Highway Company and an additional bus for the “Colburn Motors Tours” company also from Colorado Springs.

New buses coming to the Pikes Peak Highway in 1954
The “Flxible bus while on a rest stop on the Pikes Peak Highway.
The Broadmoor Skydview Cadillac in 1959 in bright red .
Picture shows a Broadmoor Skyview Cadillac and a Flxible bus at the summit of Pikes Peak late 1950’s

The Gray Line and Broadmoor tour drivers.

This is the part were the mountain gave back. One of the hardest parts of racing on Pikes Peak is learning the road. The so called “156 turns” can make or break a drivers time to the summit. If you wanted to know the route better as a race car driver , taking a turn as a tour car or a tour bus driver was one of the best ways to learn the course. (Some out of state competitors called it an unfair advantage for the local drivers) .  As early as 1949 Speed Age magazine interviewed successful driver Art Hillis about his knowledge of the course and that time already had 5040 trips up Pikes Peak as a tour car driver. That’s right over 5000 trips !

Best way to know the road was by being a tour car driver . Free Press newspaper 1950


Many race car drivers, Art Hillis, J.C. Shoemaker, Al Rogers ( over 3000), Louie J. Unser, Nick Sanborn,  Bob Finney and many more over the years could count their trips in the hundreds and thousands on the Pikes Peak Highway. .  Not only was it about learning the many turns , but also learning how the weather conditions effected the different road surfaces.

A handful survive !

The mountain took it’s toll on the equipment used in the tourist business, but the care given to the vehicles used was always first class. Several still survive today. The most prominent of the survivors is fittingly still with the Broadmoor Hotel.  A beautiful 1937 Cadillac with the roll back roof is still in their collection and is available to rent for special occasions.

The 1937 Cadillac tour car in front of the Broadmoor Hotel


Two of the Flxible buses survive, one is rumored to be in England and other known bus is located in the USA.  Check out this video below for more details.


Someone had to do it.

As long as companies were providing travel tours up to the summit of Pikes Peak,by automobile someone had to drive. Why not an inspiring race car driver !

If you have additional information, photos or stories about these tour programs please contact me. It is an important part of the Pikes Peak Hill Climb racing history.

Pikes Peak Hill Climb programs over the years.

1916 Pikes Peak Hill Climb program

In the beginning .

The first “Pikes Peak National Hill Climbing Contest” program was really spectacular  for its time.  Thirty two pages in full, with classic ads throughout. Name brands like, Cadillac, Packard, Marmon, Excelsior Autocycles, White Motor Company, Gargoyle Gasoline and many more. Luckily the PPIHC organization reprinted this program during the 100th anniversary in 2016. It is a must have souvenir program even as a reprint. One bit of trivia from the program, is the Broadmoor Hotel advertisement. The actual construction wasn’t completed when the program was printed and the drawing of the Hotel placed in the ad was for a  different design then what finally got approved and built.

The 1920s and 30s

No race from 1917-1919. When racing resumed after World War I in 1920, the program was reduced to a four page handout for the remainder of the 1920’s. Not many of the folded paper versions of the program have survived.

The 1925 PPHC program hand out.
1925 Pikes Peak Hill Climb program 4 page handout.

In 1935 once the original contract for ownership use of the road was completed, no one picked up a new contract. The wasnt a race in 1935. The local VFW (Veteras of Foreign Wars) picked up the sponsorship for the hill climb race in 1936 up until the race stopped in 1941 for WW2.  The format was more like a traditional program with a thicker cover type with more pages (6-8 pages).

1936 Pikes Peak Hill Climb program.
PPHC 1938 program


The paper handout style was used one last time in 1940. The first use of color since 1916 appeared on the cover in 1941.

missing 1946 program cover image please help

The 1950’s

The use of photography, graphics and color would signify the programs of the 1950’s. The “Princess Power” contest ladies made the cover in 1954 and the Dodge Pace Car made the cover in 1955. The first full color race car photograph cover was in 1956. (Keith Andrews). The famous PPHC fish logo, made the cover in 1957 and stayed for the last three years !

The 1960’s

The cover graphics got a little boring in the early sixties with the fish logo theme, but the wonderful cover photograph covers from 1966 and on would make up for it.

The 1970’s.

In addition to the use of photographs on the covers, several years, the covers would receive an artist touch. Note worthy covers were , Peter Helck in 1973, and Leonard Wheatley in 1977 and 1978.  Buick Pace Cars made the cover in both 1975 and 76 and the only dune buggy to ever appear on the cover was in 1971.  Artist H. Gene Yancey would finish off the decade with the cover art in 1979, including drawings inside the program of Rick Mears and the PPHC flagman Art Walsh.

The 1980’s.

What can you say about the 80’s ?? Graphics would take over most of the cover designs. Buick would once again have a Pace Car on the cover (1981), except the Indy 500 targa top pace car on the cover wasn’t used at Pikes Peak, but a more subdued T-Top car was used. Artist H. Gene Yancey did the wonderful cover in 1980. Modern computer art made the cover in 1982. There was an art contest done for the 1984 cover and the winner was Lori Pate of Littleton Colorado with her colorful tire tread design. The 1988 cover illustration was done by automotive airbrush artist Mark Westfall. My personal favorite, in the 1980s, was the 1989 cover with a Newman-Dreager open wheel race car artwork. Chevrolet provided limited edition posters to it’s dealership with that image in 1989 to celebrate some of the greatest Chevrolet wins at Pikes Peak. ( PPHC fans will notice that the car on the cover,is actually going downhill at that location on the course.)

The 1990s.

Race cars and photographs would take the majority of the covers in the 1990’s. Bill Brister in his Wells Coyote took the cover in 1990 starting the decade off with a bang. The cover artwork in 1992 was by Jim Swintal and was also used for posters that year. Those marvelous posters have become a much desired PPHC collectible.  Besides the drawing in 1971, the cover in 1994, was the first year for a motorcycle photo to make the program cover. Likewise the first semi-truck made the cover, ( Kenworth driven by Glenn Brown) in 1998. The program from the “75th Running of the Race to the Clouds” in 1997 is also a much sot after collectible for hill climb fans.

PPHC Programs available for viewing !

The Pikes Peak Library District Special Collections department has 31 programs available for the public veiwing. You can’t check them out but they have a great room to read them in and the folks are great to work with. Here is the list of what years they have and contact info.


The Pioneers Museum in Colorado Springs also has around 20 programs that the Library doesn’t have. A little harder to get access too but available by appointment only. Contact info below:

Welcome to the Colorado Springs Pioneers Museum

Did you like this blog post ?

Hope you enjoyed seeing the many years of Pikes Peak Hill Climb program covers. (If you have a picture of the 1946 program cover please contact me)

What other items from the race are you interested in besides the race cars and drivers? Posters, diecast, books, clothing etc……?

If there are enough folks responding to this post, there could be additional posts of  PPHC memorabilia in the future.  There is a bunch of stuff out there, but getting harder to find as the years go on.

Thanks for checking out the blog.  Nice to see many of you folks coming back time and time again!

Oldsmobile Toronado at Pikes Peak (part 2)

To recap part one of the story. Oldsmobile had a hit with the Toronado at the Pikes Peak Hill Climb race, starting with the pre-production model testings in 1965 to the stock car class wins in 1966 and the 1-2-3 finish in 1968.

Gazette Telegraph newspaper ad from June 1969
Even the comics were advertising the Oldsmobile Toronado advantages at the Pikes Peak Hill Climb in 1968

1969 PPHC

Nick Sanborn had the two stock car class wins with the Olds Toronado but switched to the Mercury Cyclone in 1969. When asked about the change, Nick simply replied, ‘Bigger engine”.  Four drivers would take the challenge with the Toronado’s in 1969. Frank Sanborn, Bruce Jacobi, John Rhodes and Butch Lacey.  Bobby Unser had a factory backed monster Ford Torino built by Holman-Moody-Stroppe with engine work by Smokey Yunick. From day one of practice it was going to be a race for who would get 2nd place to Mr.Unser.  As anticipated the 429 Torino would take Bobby Unser to first place in the time trials and first on race day.  The Toronado drivers had it rough on race day finishing, 6th Rhodes, 7th Peterson, 8th Jacobi and Lacey with a blown engine, “Did Not Finish”.

Was the Torondo finished at Pikes Peak , did they pass the torch over to the Fords for good?  Frank Peterson didn’t think soand he would be back with a vengeance in 1970.

Red-White and Blue !

Frank Peterson already had 3 years racing the Toronado at the Peak and a veteran of the hill climb since 1959. He already had a hand in the two previous Oldsmobile wins as a builder on Nick Sanborn’s winning Toronado’s and the other Money Olds teammates that finished 1-2-3 in 1968. The fantastic patriotic red, white and blue paint job on his 1969 Toronado would take him to his first stock car class win in 1970. Believe it or not at the time some people did not like Frank using the flag as a paint theme on his car in 1970. He definitely started a trend, and by 1976 the majority of the race cars on the Peak carried a patriotic theme. (In my opinion it is one of the best paint schemes to ever race the mountain.) Dick Harris and rookie Jerry King would also drive Toronado’s in 1970.

1970 PPHC

Nick Sanborn still in his Mercury, would take the first spot in time trails in 1970 with Frank Peterson and his Olds in second. Race day would finally see Frank Peterson get his stock car class win and the Oldsmobile Toronado was back in the top spot. The bad news, the two other Toronado’s driven by Dick Harris and Jerry King did not finish on race day.

Frank Peterson ads after winning the 1970 Pikes Peak Hill Climb in his Oldsmobile Toronado

Even the model car companies got on the Pikes Peak Hill Climb Toronado band wagon. These models bring big bucks at online auction sites.

The 1970 PPHC winning Toronado race car lives !

Frank retired the Toronado in 1971 and the car remained in storage for decades. Mechanically the car was still in good shape but the paint job needed help. Level One Restorations of Arvada Colorado would get it looking like new once again. Check out their work on the Toronado at :


Muscle Car Enthusiast magazine did a full feature on the car after the restoration. The article can be seen at Frank’s own site,  “Lakewood Manufacturing”. While you are there check out his other Pikes Peak Hill Climb cars.



I was fortunate to spend some time with the car this summer at the Hagerty Insurance open house.

The 1970 PPHC Stock Car Class trophy on display with the car
The seat and pedals were moved towards the center of the car for better weight distribution.


Larger then stock radiator and custom made Hooker Headers
Nice touch in engine compartment next to the coolant overflow was a military ammo can full of lead weight and engraved with crew members initials

Thank you Frank and Kaye Peterson and Hagerty Insurance for a great time.

Last gasps for the Toronado at Pikes Peak.

Jerry King the Rookie of the Year in 1970 would go on to run his Oldsmobile Toronado until 1972 . Bob Fling would make history by running the fastest time of any of the Toronado drivers with a 14:17.16 in 1972 which by that time, was only good enough for 7th place. Two others Rudy Proctor, 11th place finish and Jerry King “DNF” ran Toronado’s in 1972.   That was the last of the breed to compete in the Race To the Clouds.

Overall in seven years from 1966 to 1972 the Oldsmobile Toronado would take THREE overall wins in the Stock Car Class, TWO second place finishes ONE 3rd and ONE forth place finish. (Not too bad). Ten different drivers in seven years and the fastest time of 14: 17.  The car may of had a short time frame racing on Pikes Peak, but it  definitely made an impact. To this day when folks are asked about the top ten all time cars of the PPHC, Frank’s Toronado seems to come up on everyone’s list.

If you have additional information or photographs of the Toronado’s racing at the Pikes Peak hill Climb , please comment or email me. Thanks !

The Oldsmobile Toronado at Pikes Peak (part 1)

The beginning of the Toronado Legand at Pikes Peak.

Most folks associate the Oldsmobile Toronado and Pikes Peak with the winning, red white and blue race car driven by Frank Peterson in 1970. In fact it started much earlier with Bobby Unser and Oldsmobile in 1965.

At that time General Motors management was still enforcing the “anti- racing” ban. Ted Louckes assistant head of experimental engineering at Oldsmobile side stepped that policy by undertaking a quest to set a new stock car record at Pikes Peak. After all a hill climb wasn’t necessarily a race, just a simple timed event and thankfully GM’s upper management allowed it. What better way to show the advantages of front wheel drive and Oldsmobile performance then racing up to the summit of Pikes Peak. Chevrolet had used Pikes Peak several times in the past to bolster the brands image. In 1936 with their new truck line, then again in 1955 with the new Bel Air and latter with the CERV1 testing. They also had an ace in the hole with a special driver lined up to help testing. In the 1960’s there wasn’t a better test driver on Pikes Peak then Bobby Unser. Rather then running on race day, Old’s set up private testing date using a pre-production model Toronado with a 425 Rocket  V-8 and automatic transmission. Official timing was provided by USAC and the Pikes Peak Hill Climb organization . Car and Driver magazine ran a four page article on the Toronado Pikes Peak testing feat in the March 1966 issue. ( Cheap on eBay). Video is also available at :


( Sorry about the music track on that video)  Bobby Unser helped Oldsmobile get the most out of the Toronado pushing the car to it’s limits and getting a best time of 14:09.9  just seventeen seconds short of the Pikes Peak Hill Climb stock car class record. Overall it was considered a great success.  The upcoming PPHC in 1966 would see two Toronado’s compete on race day.

1966 the first Toronado win .

Money Oldsmobile a local dealership would sponsor two cars for the 1966 PPHC. Nick Sanborn and Louis Unser both hill climb veterans, were the drivers. An early press release from the PPHC stated “The front wheel drive feature of the Oldsmobile Toronado could prove to be a real advantage to Nick Sanborn since he drives up the “Peak” with one of his rear wheels hanging over the side most of the time”  Both cars were set up by Frank Sanborn (Nick’s twin brother) and Frank Peterson of Denver

Louis Unser in a Olds Toronado in 1966
Nick Sanborn PPHC Money Olds Toronado.

On race day Nick would take the stock car class win with a time of 14:36 and 70 year old Louis Unser had to struggle without power steering after losing a belt early on the course but he still made it to the top in 15:51 good enough for 4th place.

Mobil Oil ad photo with Nick Sanborn at finish line in 1966

1967 the good and the bad

Three Toronado’s were entered for 67. Nick Sanborn and the “Old Man of the Mountain” Louis Unser were in the Money Olds dealership cars, built by the Sanborn brothers. A third car built and driven by Frank Peterson with sponsorship by Windish Motors of Denver. All three were fast during practice and time trials. Race day brought “DNF’s” with engine failures for both the Money Olds entries. The good news for the Toronado’s ,was Frank Peterson taking second place with a time of 14:35.  Frank left the start line with less then a full tank of gas and had fuel starvation issues that caused the car to cut out in the switchbacks. Frank’s Toronado minus the fuel issues would have easily taken 1st place in 1967. Factory gas tanks in those days had poor baffling that allowed the gas to slosh from side to side which left the fuel pickup high and dry during those hard turns.

1st-2nd and 3rd in 1968 !

The Money Oldsmobile team fielded three cars in 68. Nick Sanborn, Frank Peterson and rookie Bob Fling. A forth Toronado was entered by Bruce Jacobi from Speedway Indiana.

Oldsmobile Toronado 1-2-3 at the Pikes Peak Hill Climb.

Race day was a sweep for the Toronado’s . 1st 2nd and 3rd out of a field of 20 cars. Nick Sanborn took his fifth PPHC win with his time of 14:23.  One thing about the stock car results from 1955-1965 was the minimum weight requirements per cubic inch rules were not being enforced. By the time the Toronado hit Pikes Peak technical inspections included weigh ins that kept the factory light weight cars out. The Oldsmobile Toronado came in with 9.36 pounds per cubic inch with the 427 or a required 3990 pounds. The earlier stock class record of  13:52 by Parnelli Jones in 1964 was with a  factory light weight Mercury Marauder. (There was no enforced weight per cubic inch rules during the 55-65 years)

Oldsmobile advertising celebrating the Toronado wins
Columbus shocks ad from the 1968 Pikes Peak Hill Climb with a Olds Toronado

1968 was a good year for the Oldsmobile Toronado at Pikes Peak.

Be sure to read part 2 of the “Toronado Legend of Pikes Peak” and find out about the years 1969 and up and the Frank Peterson surviving race car.

Thanks for checking out this Pikes Peak racing blog and feel free to leave comments, questions or suggestions. I don’t bite !


View the early years 1916-1920s through newspaper ads .

“14,109 feet above sea level, 120 turns, 12 1/2 miles”

Chalmers ad from the 1916 Pikes Peak Hill Climb race.

1916 PPHC

The first race was split over two days. Motorcycles raced on day one and automobiles day two. On the second day there was three events. The cars were divided in two events by engine size and the third event was a “Free for All” and considered the main event with the Penrose Trophy going to the winner.

Local General Goods store in Colorado Springs newspaper ad from the 1916 PPHC race

A strange ad from the Rocky Mountain News in Denver Colorado prior to race day. The Briscoe Motor Company was banned . (?)

Briscoe Motor Company ad

With three events more then one car company had the ability to claim to be the winner of the Pikes Peak Hill Climb. While some hide the fact,  others went as far as listing which event they won.

The Hudson Super-Six ” You don’t care to climb Pike’s Peak at the speed the Super-Six showed it could”

1917 Stromberg Carburetor ad from the PPHC in 1916

WW2 halts the race in 1917,1918, 1919 

Lexington wins in 1920 !

Denver Colorado Lexington Dealership ad from the 1920 Pikes Peak Hill Climb race

1921 King Rhiley wins 

Hodson wins at the 1921 Pikes Peak Hill Climb

The ad above was the first ad in the local newspapers that used a race photograph instead of a drawing or dealer image. The ad mentions the victory in the snowstorm and also refers to the Hudson’s win in 1916. The ad below for the Lexington shows a more typical drawing based ad, with a very nice representation of the road to the summit.

Lexington ad from the 1921 Pikes Peak Hill Climb race.

1922 PPHC “Official Ambulance” 

1922 Pikes Peak Hill Climb race Official Ambulance ad
Not something you see everyday. A law firm sponsoring the ambulance for the 1922 Pikes Peak Hill Climb race. The ad was from the Gazette Telegraph in Colorado Springs Colorado. (If you can identify the make of the ambulance , let me know)  Another point of interest is the “Westinghouse Shock Absorbers” . 

The Ford hot rod driven by Noel Bullock made a huge splash in 1922 winning the race overall.  Western Auto Supply Company from Denver Colorado used the”Rajo Head’ PPHC win in their ad. To the right, a local Ford dealer featured him in their 1922 ad haling the first win ever for a 4 cylinder at Pikes Peak.

1923 PPHC

One of my favorite ads from the early 1920’s from the Pikes Peak Hill Climb

1923 Parco Gasoline ad for the Pikes Peak Hill Climb race.

Nice to see several pictures of the race cars and drivers. Seeing the early service station is nice too.

insert from 1923 PPHC Parco Gas ad
insert from Parco ad

1924 Pikes Peak Hill Climb

The Lexington camp went all out in 1924 taking the overall win and being awarded permanent possession of the Penrose trophy. The local Triangle Gasoline station took out this amazing advertisement to honor the win.

Below, the first Firestone Tires ad at Pikes Peak was in 1924

1923 Firestone Tire ad from the 1924 Pikes Peak Hill Climb race.

Below is a rare photograph showing the local Firestone Tire Shop in Colorado Springs. The winning Lexington race car is at his shop.! Hard to see, but that is also the Penrose trophy to the right of the Earl Udick. Great period photograph.

Hope you enjoyed seeing this group of advertisements from the 1920s.

If you would like to see additional ads from other decades contact me with what years you are interested in and I can put something together for the most popular requests.

Early Meyers Manx dune buggies at the Pikes Peak Hill Climb

Ted Trevor at the finish line at the 1966 Pikes Peak Hill Climb race.

Meyers Manx 

Bruce Meyers of Fountain Valley California designed the first dune buggies in 1963 using a fiberglass monocoque shell or what today would be called a unibody structure. His initial dune buggies had a steel frame within the fiberglass body. They were designed to bolt Volkswagen Beetle engine, transmission, front and rear suspension systems to the unibody design. The monocoque dune buggy body shell production started in 1964 with only twelve bodies produced. The cost to make the steel reinforced bodies was to expensive and slow. The next version of the bodies were made of only fiberglass, those were designed to bolt on top of a shortened VW pan. The new fiberglass only bodies, the “Meyers Manx” as Bruce called them, were much cheaper to produce and became a huge success. By 1971 over 6,000 Meyers Manx bodies had been produced and available in 5 different body styles. There would be 100’s of copy cat designers of his dune buggies over the years, but Bruce Meyers was the first and the original “Meyers Manx” dune buggies have become highly desired and collectible.

Volksvair ?

Ted Trevor founded the “Crown Manufacturing Company” in Newport Beach California in 1960. In just a few years time Ted was the leading manufacturer of kits to adapt the Chevrolet Corvair flat six engines into air-cooled Volkswagen Bugs, Karmann Ghia’s and dune buggies that were based on the VW motors. These were called ‘Volks-Vair’ kits. The additional horsepower that the Corvair engine could make was a big step up from the Volkswagen stock motors. Crown Manufacturing would eventually sell 15,000 such kits. In later years, Ted’s company would go on to be known for their kits to adapt V-8 engines into the Chevrolet Corvair’s .

Volks-Vair dune buggies at the 1966 Pikes Peak Hill Climb

Ted Trevor and Don Wilcox entered two of the Crown Manufacturing Volks-Vair equipped monocoque bodied Meyers Manx, dune buggies in the 1966 PPHC. (That’s a mouthful!).  When they showed up for practice week nothing like that had ever been seen at the hill climb. The dune buggies arrived with windshields, passenger seats and license plates. The rules committee decided a few changes had to be made in order for the cars to enter in the Sports Car Class. Behind the scenes no one except Ted and Don figured the buggies would even have a chance , let alone win. To meet the class requirements and to keep the old guard at the PPHC content the two drivers adapted a few changes. The windshields were removes along with the passenger seats and a tonneau cover was used to cover the interior.

Ted Trevor’s purple dune buggy ran the carburetor equipped Corvair engine and Don Wilcox’s blue buggy was using a turbocharged Corvair Spdyer motor. Of the two, Don’s was lighter by 200 pounds and was the fastest. During practice folks started to take notice. Hot Rod magazine said ” The power-to-rate ratio is very good and traction for acceleration off the corners is second to none thanks to the rear engine location”. The biggest surprise was at quailing were Don Wilcox’s time in the turbocharged buggy beat all of the sports cars regardless of engine size AND was faster then all of the stock cars and most of the championship class cars too.  Ted Trevor wasn’t as fortunate, he was still dealing with carburetor issues adjusting the engine for the altitude.

Time trail results 1966 Pikes Peak Hill Climb Sports Car Class

Race day would show a reversal of fortune for the two dune buggy drivers.  Don Wilcox lost a coil wire at the gravel pit area and would sit along the side of the course for quite some time. After figuring out the issue he continued to the summit with a time of over an hour. Ted Trevor’s car was running much better with adjustments since time trails and took the win in the under 3000 liter sports car class with a time of 15:43.

After Pikes Peak

Gates Tire Company of Denver Colorado was a large sponsor for the hill climb in 1966 and liked what the buggies were about and used Ted’s dune buggy in its advertisements after the race.

The pair would go on to race their dune buggies in slalom and autocrosss races events after Pikes Peak. Both cars were successful and became very famous in the California dune buggy culture.

Don at a slalom race shortly after the PPHC, the buggy still wears decals and numbers form the hill climb

 The purple dune buggy that Ted drove would later be totaled in an a racing accident but the engine would go into a legendary dune buggy racer the “Purple People Eater” and would carry on the winning spirit. Ted Trevor was close to Bruce Meyers the originator of the Manx dune buggies. Bruce, to this day still has a chuck of the purple metal flake body from Ted’s accident his office. There are few color pictures of either dune buggy. Below is the only known of Ted’s purple car, looks to be at a slalom event perhaps. notice the license plate is the same from the PPHC newspaper clip above.

Don Wilcox’s dune bugging would be modified after Pikes Peak and finished forth in class at the Mexican 1000 Baja race in 1968 driven by Eric Ressier and Glen Forte. Don Wilcox would buy the buggy from Crown MFG. in 1969 and over the years convert it back to the way it was when he raced at Pikes Peak. After more then forty years of ownership he still has his PPHC dune buggy. In 2015 he was invited to show it at the Carlise Import and Kit Nationals.

The Don Wilcox Pikes Peak Hill Climb Meyers Manx dune buggy in 2015. Still owned by Don ! Notice the 1966 PPHC time trial winning trophy in the back seat

There would be other dune buggies entered in the Pikes Peak Hill Climb in later years. But being the first only happens once. The fact that only 12 monocoque Meyers Manx dune buggies were built and two of them raced at Pikes Peak and one STILL survives is amazing. If you have additional information or pictures of dune buggies racing at the PPHC please slip me a line.

Thanks for checking out this blog !

Victress sports cars at the PPHC

One of the earliest fiberglass bodied sports cars the “Victress” was started by Boyce “Doc” Smith in North Hollywood California. Some would say it was more kit car then sports car. Four different body styles were available the S-1 roadster was the most popular. Victress was the leading pioneer in fiberglass sport cars in the early 1950s.

Total production figures are all over the place, anywhere from 50 bodies to high as 150 sold. As luck and fortune would have it two Victress Sports Cars raced in the PPHC.

The Sports Car Class at the Pikes Peak Hill Climb.

The first attempt for the sports car class at Pikes Peak was in 1953. Only three Jaguars were in the class. Even with the foreign car craze sweeping the country, it would take a little longer for it to catch on in the racing community. American ingenuity and the development of the fiberglass sports car body would kick things into high gear quickly. Victress, Devin, Bocar and several other companies were developing fiberglass bodies and even chassis’s that would fit the American V-8 motors and drive trains while keeping the prices affordable. After the small turnout for the 1953 sports car class, the PPHC didn’t bring it back until 1958 and the class would run until 1966.

1958 PPHC and the first Victress

The issue of listing the fiberglass body cars that entered the hill climb was challenging . Some owners and drivers listed the car by body style, while some of the officials tended to list the cars by engine type, much like how it was done in the championship cars. On top of that confusion a few owners would list their car by sponsorship, such as the “John Doe Machine Shop Special” etc..

1958 Pikes Peak Hill Climb race Sports Car Class entry list

For PPHC fans and historians finding cars, sponsors etc. can be tricky. The first car listed above was Dan Morgan who drove a Victress bodied car running a Ford Thunderbird modified engine.  On the entry list was Ak Miller, he was in a Devin race car that was called the “Hot Rod Special” and ran a Chevy V-8.  The BoCar Special another fiberglass car was driven by Bob Carnes the designer and builder of the BoCar race car line. You can see the challenge in identifying those early fiberglass sports cars on the entry lists and in the official results. Wish I could say it got easier as the years went on, but the classifications and the car names in the sports cars class was lacking the entire time the class ran from 1958-1966.  

Dan Morgan and the 1st Victress at Pikes Peak

A resident of Pueblo Colorado and a four year veteran running in the Championship class at Pikes Peak, Dan Morgan was a great candidate for the Victress in the 1958 sports car class.

Dan Morgan gassing up with the Official Pikes Peak Hill Climb Mobiloil gasoline. 1958 PPHC Victress race car

Pictures as they say, are worth a thousand words, so true at Pikes Peak. By the entry list you would think Dan was driving a Ford of some sort. The Victress can be seen on the trailer unlike any Ford on the market. The Victress was one good looking race car. Dan’s Max Day Insurance Special sports car ran a T-Bird Y-Block V-8 with three inline carbs.

Dan Morgan Victress sports car at the 1958 Pikes Peak Hill Climb race practice

The car used Ford front and rear suspension components, weighing in at 2600 pounds. For it’s day, it was considered light and powerful. During practice and time trails Dan would prove it. Taking first in qualifying by an large margin of 40 seconds over Ak Miller in his Devin-Chevy ,Ak was one of the race favorites. A misfortune on race day would see the Victress fall to Ak Miller’s time of 15:23.7 . Dan Morgan would take 2nd place with a time of 15:25.  The shift knob on the Victress broke and made shifting during the 156 turns a real challenge. A close race for sure !

The Max Day Victress survives !

After the 1958 PPHC race the car would only race one additional time in La Juanta Colorado and afterward it was put away. To find out more about the car and it’s history after Pikes Peak check out the following website.



There was another Victress the Guy Mabee Spl.

The “Worlds Fastest Sports Car” the Guy Mabee Special Victress would be entered in the 1960 Pikes Peak Hill Climb race. The car would not be in the same configuration it ran during it’s 1953 at the Bonneville Salt Flats where it set a speed record of 203.105.  No one would even recognize it as the same car that ran the Pikes Peak Hill Climb in 1960. Old race cars tend to be sold when some owners think the technology has passed them by. The Kurtis Kraft front and rear suspension remained but the lands speed hemi motor AND the body was swapped out for its attempt at the PPHC. It is a wild story and you can read about it at the link below.


After the Bonneville record in 1953 the car had changed hands a few times and by the time it came to Pikes Peak it had many upgrades. Sadly the car was no longer carrying the Victress body, in it’s place was a aluminum body with dual headlights.  The engine was also replaced with a Buick. You could almost say it was a different car except it’s history at Pikes Peak would help provide some answers to questions when the car resurfaced in 1983.

PPHC 1960

Arrow points to the # 8 Buick Special after time trials 1960
PPHC Sports Car Class results 1960

Unusual intermittent snow storms would strike the 1960 Pikes Peak Hill Climb race. The Sports Cars was the last class to start and the Unlimited group, the last in class to run. Charlie Royal would not even get a chance to run on race day. Between the sporadic weather and the Corvette of George Metzer overturning just before Charlie’s run, there wouldn’t be any chance of him racing in 1960.  The race director drove in the Pace Car to the location the Corvette had crashed. Once the fans saw the car coming down hill they figured the race was over and the chaos of cars coming onto the course finished the day.  In the official records the last five drivers are recorded as “Did Not Start”.

This Victress also survives !

If you checked out the link above you know after a tremendous restoration effort the race car is back to the way it was during it’s Bonneville Salt Flat days. Wonder what happened to the aluminum Pikes Peak dual headlight body? With such a low production run and only the two cars racing Pikes Peak , it is surprising they both survive. It just goes to show how important the hill climb has been to the racing world. Many of the specialty built race cars ended up racing the PPHC and that provenance has gone a long way  in keeping those cars from being scrapped. Nice to see an increasing interest in the restoration of older Pikes Peak Hill Climb race cars !

In future updates on this post, I hope to have additional photographs of both of these Victress race cars at the PPHC.


Jaguar prowls at the Pikes Peak Hill Climb (part 2)

Be sure to check out part one first !


XK120 Jaguar at the Pikes Peak Hill Climb race in 1953

The early years recap.

The first year was 1953 and then jumping ahead to 1958 the first four XK120 Jaguar trips to the Summit accomplished a best time of 17:20. Frank Bramley took the all Jaguar three car field win in 1953 . There was no sports car class from 1954-1957 at the Peak .The return in the fifty eight race was the last for a XK120 and Frank would again bring the fastest Jaguar time, but the time of 17:20 was only good enough for 7th place.   The 1960’s would bring larger fields, larger engines and many new fiberglass bodied entries among them would be also be the next brand of Jaguar race cars.

D-Type at Pikes Peak

The D-Type Jaguar was a factory built race car with a limited production of around twenty factory team cars and 50 customer cars. These were bar none the best of the breed and they demand astronomical prices today, if you can even find one that is for sale. Bill Krause bought his D-Type (serial # XKD-519)  in 1956 and tore up the local tracks in California. Taking wins at Bakersfield, Santa Barbara, and Willow Springs . The dark blue car wore yellow “Von Dutch” scallops and pinstripes. First raced with the factory Jaguar 3.8 liter engine and later replaced with a bored and stroked 327 Chevrolet Corvette V-8.  Yes, many crazy American’s would update the D-Type’s to V-8 power during the hay day of sports car racing.  It was just cheaper and easier to build horsepower out of the V-8 platform then what you could get out of the Jaguar designed engine.

PPHC 1960 Bill Krause

A  Jaguar D-Type with a Chevy V-8 wasn’t what the Jaguar purist wanted to see at Pikes Peak, but it was most definitely what the hill climb fans wanted. The gorgeous, curvaceous, streamlined, European body and an American V-8 motor. What a combination ! The sports car field was divided into three groups for the 1960 event by engine displacement. Bill’s D-Type would be in the Group One Unlimited Class 3001cc and up, along with several Corvettes, a Ferrari Testa Rosa and five fiberglass bodied V-8 powered race cars , a Devin, a Victress and 3 locally built fan favorite BoCars.

Left to Right, Ferrari Testa Rosa, D-Type Jag, BoCar at the Pikes Peak Hill Climb race 1960

Bill Krause was fast during practice and garnered much attention, he would qualify second in time trails  Unfortunately on race day Pikes Peak would see the worst weather in PPHC history. The weather started out mild and intensified as the day wore on. The Sports Car Class ran last after the Championship and Stock Car classes and would receive the worst of the weather. The storms would be hit and miss along the course, the local newspaper accounts used words like “Furious” and “Chaos” to describe the mini storms. Some of the driver raced in the rain and sleet, while other experienced blowing snow with white out conditions.  Just getting to the summit was the challenge for the sports car class in 1960 regardless of the time.  

During practice PPHC 1960 D-Type Jaguar Bill Krause. Notice face mask
Sports Car Class results 1960 Pikes Peak Hill Climb race.

By a handful of second (less then five),  Bill Krause finished in second place. He made it to the top even with the challenging weather and the hopeless traction loss, all thanks to mother nature. He would go back to Pikes Peak in 1961, would things work out better ?

PPHC in 1961 and “TWO” D-Type Jaguar’s ?

Bill Krause ran a different paint scheme in 1961 at Pikes Peak. White body with blue scallops and red lettering. A second D-Type Jaguar was entered by the “Gambles Racing Team”  with John Barless from Minnesota as the driver.

The Barlass entry is somewhat a mystery. Just a few mentions of the team prior to race week and nothing from practice, time trails or race day. My guess is the car was also entered at the race on July 3rd at Continental Divide Raceway the day before the Pikes Peak Hill Climb. Perhaps there was a mishap during practice there prior to coming to Pikes Peak ?  The race track at CDR is just up the road from Colorado Springs and during the raceways short lifespan, races were scheduled on the off day before the Pikes Peak Hill Climb race drawing more competitors for the two races. Bill Krause would cooked his Jag’s blown and stroked engine at CDR prior to race day at Pikes Peak in 1961. Could both Jaguar’s been causalities ?

Bill Krause 1961 at the Official Mobilgas station
Experiencing overheating problem during practice.

During practice Bill’s ‘Jag-Vette” was experiencing overheating issues perhaps an early warning to the upcoming engine failure later in the week.  As mentioned earlier, Bill was one of those who entered in both the CDR event on July 3rd and the PPHC on July forth. The team would jump back and forth from Colorado Springs and  CDR (outside of Castle Rock Colorado), to practice each course during the week leading up to the holiday weekend racing.  During qualifying for Pikes Peak Bill Krause would take first place in time trails , but blow the 327 Corvette engine Friday during practice in Castle Rock for the CDR race. Was his weekend over?  Not if his crew could help it.  The team didn’t have any spare Corvette motors but a local Chevrolet dealership had 283 short block available . Swapping out as many parts as possible the team got the car running again except with much less horsepower. The weather wasn’t an issue in 1961, thankfully, and even with an under-powered car, Bill Krause would take second place in class with a time of 14:49.7. That would be the end for the D-Type Jaguar’s at Pikes Peak.

Does the Bill Krause D-Type Jaguar still survive ?

Serial number XXD-519 raced from 1956 to 1961. It’s last recorded race was the 200 mile event on October 15th 1961 at Riverside. Later reports have said the car was returned to a Jaguar engine and painted a factory yellow color and shipped to the UK. Some say it is still alive and well.  I have no pictures or info for the current owner or previous owners. If you have additional information please contact me.


Jim Anderson of San Luis Obispo California would bring an E-Type Jaguar to the Sports Car Class in 1963.

E-type jaguar in 1963 at the Pikes Peak Hill Climb race.

The car was listed as a “Mustang Special” and qualified 11th out of the  field of 13 cars. Once again the Sports Car Class ran as only one combined field regardless of engine size. On race day he would finish with a time of 17:42 . 10th out of 10 cars making it to the summit. Three did not finish.

Hope for another Jaguar victory at Pikes Peak ?

Justin Law brought an F-Type Jaguar to the PPHC in 2015. Let’s hope it is the beginning of a new trend.

For more information on this wonderful car check it out at:



If you liked part one and part two of  “Jaguar prowls at Pikes Peak’ let me know. Thanks for checking out this blog !!


Ferrari’s at the great race, Pikes Peak (part one)


That is right, Ferrari’s at the Pikes Peak Hill Climb race. In 1952 Ferrari rebuilt four 1951 race cars to tackle the upcoming Indianapolis 500. They called them  “Ferrari Type-375 Indy” . The cars came with a V-12, 2.5 liter engine, running three 2 barrel Weber 40IF4C carburetors, producing 400 horsepower.  Speed Age magazine at the time quoted the price to be $40,000 each. One of the cars would be for the factory team at the Indy 500 and the other three would go to privateers for Indy.

Johnny Mauro of Denver.

A veteran of Pikes Peak since 1933 and the largest Ferrari dealer and importer, in the Denver area, Johnny Mauro wanted one of the new 375 race cars for the Pikes Peak Hill Climb in 52. The manufacturer said no, that breed of race car wasn’t to be entered in such a lowly event as the PPHC. Being an astute business man the answer of no, wasn’t something he was used too. Easy enough to fix, order the new race car and entry it at the Indy 500 and then afterwards take it to Pikes Peak . Problem solved !

Johnny Mauro’s Ferrari entry in the 1952 Indy 500

The Indy 500 race was the trick, to get himself one of the four Ferrari 375s. He got chassis No. 3. , Johnny didn’t really put much effort into qualifying at Indy , he did get a sponsor at the last minute, “Kennedy Tanks”. Only one of the  four Ferrari’s cars made the field at Indy in 1952. It was the factory car and was driven by Alberto Ascari. The car only lasted 40 of the 120 laps, due to a wheel failure, not what Ferrari expected ! (They wouldn’t go back to the Indianapolis 500 again, until the year 2000)  The good news, Johnny Mauro had the car he wanted for the  September 1st Pikes Pikes Hill Climb race.

1952 PPHC

The first year with the new race car at Pikes Peak, it was listed as the “Pylon X-Q Special” . Still wearing the white paint with the blue number 35, from the Indy 500.

The race car was a bear to handle on the dirt and maintaining any sense traction was difficult. Johnny held on to make it to the summit with a finishing time of 16:29.15 putting him in 10th place for 1952. Not bad for it’s first time at Pikes Peak, but not good enough for Johnny Mauro.


September 28th 1952 “Centennial Park”, just south of Denver was the location. Just a few weeks after the PPHC and having made some changes to the car , Johnny was eager to test it out. A 100-mile race sponsored by the AAA at a dirt horse track was set for the 28th. During qualifying he lost control of the car, went off course, through a fence and rolled the race car twice, Johnny had two broken ribs, internal injuries and was in a coma for three days. After a week of recover at General Rose Memorial Hospital of Denver, he was released. The car was worse off then Johnny, oh well that is racing and the race car was sent back to Italy for the Ferrari factory to repair. There would be no racing for Mr. Mauro in 1953.

1954-1956 at Pikes Peak and Blue ?

Once the required repairs were made to chassis No.3, someone at the factory decided to paint the car Chinetti Blue, not the white Johnny had requested. (Maybe it was an inside joke from Luigi Chinetti, the first Ferrari dealer in the Untied States who also had his own race team wearing that same blue color ?) No matter the car was back, same chassis number, same engine number and ready for the 1954 Pikes Peak Hill Climb race. Entered as the “Mauro-Ferrari Special” and wearing the number 33, Johnny and the car were faster and the car handled better. But his time of 16:12 on race day was only good enough for 17th place. In 1955 it got worse, spinning out during qualifying and not even making the field. 1956 would be the last year for Johnny Mauro at Pikes Peak and his trusty 375 Ferrari ran it’s fastest time at Pikes Peak.  The “Mauro Special” finished in 9th place with a time of 15:29.4. The fastest time every for Johnny Mauro too ! Nice way to go out !

Hard to see, but that’s Johnny’s Ferrari with the Chinetti blue color at the Pikes Peak Hill Climb race in 1954
Johnny Mauro in a Ferrari 375 (chassis number 3) at the 1956 Pikes Peak Hill Climb race.

After racing.

Johnny Mauro continued in the car business for a few more years and started the “Untied States Truck Driving School” in 1958, which is still ran and owned by the Mauro family today. His Ferrari 375 Indy, still survives (donated by johnny) and has been with the Indianapolis 500 museum for many years. When the museum restored the car they repainted it in Ferrari red like the one Ascari drove in 1952 at Indy with Johnny’s number 35 on the car. Wish it would go back to the white with blue numbers some day. If you get a chance stop in and see it !

Wait there is more, but you will have to check out part two for more info on the OTHER Ferrari that raced at the Pikes Peak Hill Climb .

Oshkosh Nebraska and the Pikes Peak Hill Climb

The small town of Oshkosh Nebraska (population 884), has a unique tie to the hill climb race and a local artist Lauren Olson has just finished one of her murals to honor it’s past.

Artist and teacher.

Lauren Olsen is a graduate of the University of Nebraska and Art Educator with the Garden County School District, teaching K-12 students, and has been ushering a new era of  “Art in the Community” around the Oshkosh area. One of her murals finished in June of this year is helping to teach the history of a local family.

Check out Lauren at her website to see more of her other work.


Pikes Peak and King Rhiley Sr.

Yes, “King” was really his first name, but he also was called the “King of the dirt track speed demons” for his domination of the early racing in western Nebraska. His racing career started in 1912 at the Box County Fair after becoming an Oakland automobile dealer in Oshkosh. He would go on to win over 50 races in the next 16 years.

His first trip to the Pikes Peak Hill Climb came in 1921. By the time he was ready for the hill climb, he was a Hudson Motor Company agent and brought a highly modified Hudson Super Six to the Peak. There would be three races called “Events”, in 1921. King was entered in the last event number 3, for the non-stock cars with engine displacements over 300 cubic inches. The largest payout of $500 and the Penrose trophy was given to the winner of this race. During the 5-6 practice runs taken by Rhiley his tires were in dire need of replacement. By a triumph of good sportsmanship, the Lexington Motor Company who was the previous year winning team provided King Rhiley with the tires he would need on race day from there own inventory. Pikes Peak was known to put a year worth of wear on a cars tires during one race run. On race day King would be the fastest of all events, with a time of  19:16 and besting the times of both Lexington team drivers racing in event number 2, on their own tires.


At the finish line at the summit of Pikes Peak in 1921. King Rhiley in his Hudson Super Six
Colorado Springs Hudson dealership advertisement 1921. King Rhiley

 King Rhiley at the 1922 and 1923  PPHC

The word was out, thanks to King Rhiley’s efforts, oval dirt track race cars could be competitive at the Pikes Peak Hill Climb. The large manufactures with their big heavy cars and large race support teams were in trouble. Another Nebraskan dirt track driver, Noel Bullock would also be racing against King Rhiley in 1922. (Check my other posts for more info on Noel Bullock)  Both drivers had very light weight, stripped down cars, who some would call jalopies or even freak cars.  The facts would show that those lighter cars with better horsepower to weight ratio would lead to faster times climbing Pikes Peak.  King Rhiley was again running in the main event number three and would take first place with a time of 20:05, but Noel Bullock , in event number one with a time of 19:50 would have the fastest time of the day,taking the overall 1922 win. That made it two years in a row that an independent driver with a stripped down car took the glory.

The big teams were screaming after two years of embarrassment, things would have to change in 1923. Rules were added that require cars to meet a MINIMUM weight for each class. That didn’t bother either Nebraskan drivers, they would gladly add additional weights to their cars to complaint with the changes.  When that rule change didn’t keep certain drivers out, last minute efforts were taken to remove them. Just days before the race, the A.A.A. (American Automobile Association), who was the ruling body for the Pikes Peak race, blacklisted both King Rhiley and Noel Bullock for running in unsanctioned racing events. Many of the smaller dirt oval tracks in the Midwest at the time were running without the AAA blessings due to the high membership cost. If drivers wanted into a AAA event, they had to agree not to race in any unsanctioned racing contests. With the last minute barring, and with little time remaining to protest, it effectively kept both drivers out of the 1923 PPHC. Records will show their entries were accepted but later changed to withdrawals. Neither would ever race Pikes Peak again. The politics of racing at Pikes Peak, sadly, will show it’s dark side a few times more over the years.

Back to the Mural !

As you can see the left side is King Rhiley and his Hudson at the Pikes Peak Hill Climb, the right side is his son King Rhiley II. and his Piper.

Lauren Olson mural in Oshkosh Nebraska

King Rhiley II

King Rhiley Jr was born just a few days before his farther won the Pikes Peak Hill Climb race in September 1921. He is known as a daredevil who drove fast cars and was pilot.  Rancher, farmer, real estate broker and appraiser, but mostly known as the manager of the Oshkosh Municipal Airport and aerial crop dusting, logging more than 20,000 hours of flying. The locals knew him as a gifted pilot who known for buzzing his friends with in his airplane and on occasion landing on the nearby dirt roads to take much needed bathroom break while crop dusting. He was also a hot rodder. When not working he could be found working on cars and tinkering with airplane parts. The family building the mural is painted on, had one of the early Clayton Dynamometers used for measuring automotive horsepower, mounted into the floor. A true hot rodder’s tool  (Notice the ” Rhiley’s Dyno Service” sign on the building front on the first photograph). The aircraft in the mural  is King Rhiley Jr’s Piper Pawnee Spray plane.

Thank you !

The idea of recording local history in the form a mural is a wonderful thing to do. It will help develop dialogue between kids, families, neighbors and people passing through town and at the same time honoring the generations of those who have gone before us. Lauren Olson and the Rhiley family have done a great job keeping history alive and Pikes Peak Hill Climb fans from around the world thank you !